Wildflower Wednesday – Fancott Wood and Meadows – a Coronation Meadow

Meadow Buttercups Ranunculus acris

Sundays view – Fancott Meadows – Meadow Buttercups Ranunculus acris

The nearby river is lined with Willows and to escape the snowstorm of Willow pollen raining down in my own garden last Sunday, we made a visit to Fancott Meadow, managed by the wildlife trust and now designated as a Coronation Meadow

In 2012 Plantlife published a report Our Vanishing Flora highlighting the desperately sad statistic that in 75 years 97% of our meadows have been lost. 97% which means a miniscule 3% were left. Prince Charles the patron of Plantlife galvanised into action and to celebrate the Queens coronation set about organising the Coronation Meadows project, 60 meadows for 60 years of the Queens reign were identified across the UK at least one for each county.

With a threefold task, firstly to celebrate our rare surviving meadows, secondly to create new meadows with seed gathered from designated Coronation meadows and thirdly to encourage the public to discover and nominate new meadows known as Peoples Meadows.

Fancott meadow, an ancient meadow in Bedfordshire is reached by a public footpath tucked away behind a pub. Archie, always ready for a good walk came too. A few Hebridean sheep now graze the meadows, so Archie was soon back on a lead.

Archie

Archie en route to the meadows

We had previously visited last July when there were lots of Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria in full flower thriving in the damper areas but just beginning to form buds in late May.

Meadowsweet

Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria May

Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria in July

Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria in July

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It was too early for Ragged Robin and Great Burnet – Sanguisorba officinalis and we had missed the Cowslips and Adders tongue fern, but lots of  Clovers, Vetch, Birds Foot Trefoils and early Meadowsweet amongst the Buttercups and we easily spotted Yellow Rattle which is a semi parasitic grassland annual, this little gem weakens tough grass growth, helping other wildflowers to thrive. I bought some seed earlier this year with a little project of my own in mind.

Yellow Rattle

Yellow Rattle

I am joining in with Gail at ClayandLimestone who hosts the Wildflower Wednesday meme on the the last Wednesday of each month. Please take a look there are lots of other Wildflower posts to enjoy and share.

Plantlife and the 2013 Wildflowers Count

I became interested in the conservation charity Plantlife when I stumbled across the link to their excellent website on twitter. They do a brilliant job in their mission to speak up for plants and save wildflowers, running conservation projects, campaigning and influencing policy, managing nature reserves and encouraging us all to get out there and enjoy nature. As they were looking for volunteers to take part in the 2013 wildflower count I signed up. The aim of the survey is long term and enables the study of trends and factors affecting plants, I felt instantly connected to the project as I love wildflowers and the great outdoors and thought I could contribute easily and although not an expert botanist by any means, felt I have a good grasp of plants and habitats.

Umbellifer

Now in its fourth year, the Wildflower count is well organised and after signing up I received an information pack, including a colour identification booklet of 99 common plants in a variety of habitats selected as they are fairly easy to identify and therefore more of us would be confident to get involved, the majority on the list are wildflowers with some ferns, trees and shrubs too. So no advanced specialist skills required, just the ability to keep your eyes peeled! The list of 99 are all clearly photographed and are very helpfully listed according to flower colour. Details of height, habitat, e.g. bog, heath, what to look for in leaves and stems are also clearly listed.

Common knapweed Centaurea nigra

Centaurea nigra Common knapweed – loved by bees and butterflies

I was allocated a 1km square marked on a small section of an ordnance survey map, within a stones throw of my home. We live in a rural village with a range of habitats, some more exciting than others – village lanes, rural floodplains, small streams and rivers, grasslands, agricultural fields and part of the Greensand Ridge runs through our village too.

Lotus corniculatus Common Birds-foot-trefoil

Lotus corniculatus Common Birds-foot-trefoil

There are 3 options 1) to survey a path 1 km long, 2) survey a plot measuring 5m x 5m square 3) survey a linear plot 1m x 20m. Or you could choose to survey all three. As this is my first time, I chose to survey a path 1km long, rather than monitoring an adopted plot. Plantlife suggest ideally a north to south route through the centre of the allocated 1km square, mine ended up a tad meandering as one field with a right of way had Long Horn Cattle in and at another point the signed footpath was completely blocked.

Greater Willowherb Epilobium hirsutum

Epilobium hirsutum Greater Willowherb

Our first step was to measure the path. We wheeled my husbands bike along the route, which has an odometer attached to measure out the 1km distance, noting the start and finish. Our route ran through some village lanes with a few houses, from there the path leads up through a briefly wooded area, a little grassland, another village lane and farmhouse then finally along a bridleway cutting through an agricultural field (very few wildflowers and lots of oilseed rape).

Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn flowers

Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn flowers

The survey should be done anytime between April and September, Plantlife suggest if possible surveying twice, during that time. Wildflowers in their varying habitats flourish at different times – The late arrival of Spring this year meant the late arrival of Bluebells and Stitchwort too. My first survey was in mid May, even then bluebells in my 1 km path were sparse. Stitchwort was delightfully abundant.

Greater Stitchwort

Greater Stitchwort

The late Spring gave way to early Summer really quickly this year and the Meadow Buttercups were at their best here in late May, whilst the Stitchwort was still flourishing in the hedgerows.

IMG_1912

Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup

My second survey was this weekend in the relative two day cool respite from the heatwave. The ground is parched here and although my survey path runs through the parts of the village without water, we were surprised at just how much was still thriving and looking fantastic, especially the mallow and knapweed.

Malva Sylvestris Common mallow

Malva Sylvestris Common mallow

Included in the Plantlife pack are contact details to help with any identification queries and suggested websites which may help too. There is also the option to become a super surveyor, if you felt really confident at plant identification, where you can give details of all of the plants identified in your chosen patch over and beyond those in the booklet of 99 common plants.